Industry Structure and Development

FACT, India's first large scale fertiliser unit was set up in 1943. In 1947, FACT Udyogamandal started production of Ammonium Sulphate with an installed capacity of 10,000 MT Nitrogen. FACT became a Kerala State Public Sector Enterprise on 15th August 1960 and 21st November 1962, the Government of India became the major shareholder.
The 2nd stage of expansion of FACT was completed in 1962. The 3rd stage of expansion of FACT was completed in 1965 with setting up of a new Ammonium Sulphate Plant.

FACT Engineering and Design Organisation was set up on 24th July 1965 to meet the emerging need for indigenous capabilities in vital areas of Engineering, Design and Consultancy for establishing large and modern fertiliser plants. FEDO has since then diversified into Chemicals, Petrochemicals, Hydrometallurgy, Pharmaceutical and other areas. FEDO offers services from project identification and evaluation stage to plant design, procurement, project management, site supervision and commissioning of new plants as well as revamping and modernisation of old plants.

FACT Engineering Works was established on 13th April 1966 as a unit to fabricate and install equipments for fertiliser plants. Over the years FEW developed capabilities in the fabrication of pressure vessels and heat exchangers. FEW has also undertaken laying of cross country piping and fabrication and installation of large penstocks of hydel projects.
The Cochin Division of FACT, the 2nd production Unit was set up at Ambalamedu and the 1st phase was commissioned in 1973. The 2nd phase of FACT Cochin Division was commissioned in 1976.

As a diversification plans from the traditional field of Fertilisers and Chemicals, 50000 TPA Caprolactam Plant at Udyogamandal was commissioned in 1990.
FACT set up 900 TPD Ammonia Plant at Udyogamandal at a cost of 638 Crores following an order of the High Court of Kerala in February 1994 on a Public Interest Litigation, to decommission the existing imported Ammonia storage and handling facility at Willington Island (Cochin Port). The Ammonia plant was commissioned in 1998.
The company's main business is manufacture and marketing of -
(a) Fertilisers
(b) Caprolactam and Engineering Consultancy and Fabrication of Equipment.


Date Milestone
    20-09-1943    Incorporation
 26-06-1947 Production started
15-08-1960 FACT came under Public Sector
 21-11-1962 Govt. of India major share holder
1959-1960 UD 2nd stage expansion completed
1962 UD 2nd stage expansion completed
16-03-1964 ICMA Award for utilizing byproduct gypsum
15-10-1966 UD 3rd stage expansion completed
1971  ICMA Award for technology transfer
01-10-1971 UD 4th stage Ammonia Plant
01-10-1973 UD 4th stage 150TPD Ammonium Phosphate
24-07-1965 FACT Engineering and Design Organisation
13-04-1966 FACT Engineering Works
07-06-1966 CD Phase-I License issued
27-04-1973 CD I Urea Plant commissioned
10-11-1976 CD II Sulphuric Acid Plant commissioned
10-12-1976 CD II Phosphoric Acid Plant commissioned
10-01-1977 CD II NPK trial run started
  01-04-1976   CD II NPK commercial production started
18-05-1984 PD Caprolactam technical collaboration agreement
14-09-1984 PD Zero date of ASCL Project
06-08-1985 PD Caprolactam License issued
13-12-1989 FEW shifted to Palluruthy
26-07-1989 Award for excellence in performance 1986/7 from the PM of India
20-12-1990 CD-12MW Captive Power Plant
01-03-1991 PD Caprolactam commercial production started
25-09-1993 Foundation stone - 900 TPD Ammonia Plant
23-03-1998 900 TPD Ammonia plant commercial production started
05-10-2013 Online change over from Naphtha to RLNG was successfully completed
January 2020 Ammonia complex was awarded ISO 50001:2018

Luminaries who had visited FACT
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      Dr. M. Viswesarayya (world famous Engineer) visited                    FACT Udyogmandal in 1951 at the age of 94. "Four Former Prime Ministers together" - Jawaharlal Nehru    with Indira Gandhi, Rajiv Gandhi and Lal Bahadur Shashri 
      (Partially seen behind Nehru) visited FACT in 1952.
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      Shri Chithira Thirunal Maharaja of Travancore with Shri Seshasayee (Founder Chairman) and Pattam Thanu Pillai, Chief Minister (extreme right) at FACT -1948. Nobel Prize Laureate Dr. C.V. Raman, being received at FACT Udyogmandal - 1950.
   Dr. Rajendra Prasad, President of India, inaugurates
Ammonium Sulphate Plant of FACT Udyogmandal - 1948.